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Monday, July 11, 2011

10 gedung tertinggi di dunia

    Menara Jin Mao selesai dibangun pada tahun 1998 dengan tinggi mencapai 1.380 kaki atau 421 meter. Karena bangunan berdiri di atas jalan, menjadikan menara Jin Mao sebagai objek observasi terbesar dan tertinggi di Cina.

    Gedung Burj Dubai akan menjadi gedung tertinggi di dunia, mengalahkan gedung Taipei 101 di Taiwan yang saat ini tercatat sebagai gedung tertinggi di dunia dengan tinggi 508 meter.

    Emaar Properties yang mengerjakan proyek pembangunan gedung itu mengatakan, tinggi Burj Dubai kemungkinan akan mencapai 693 meter. Jika pembangunan selesai, Burj Dubai akan memiliki sekitar 160 lantai, 56 elevator, apartemen, kolam renang, spa, hotel pertama milik disainer kondang Giorgio Armani dan tempat observasi di lantai 124.

    “Pembangunan Burj Dubai kini baru sampai lantai 141, jumlah lantainya lebih banyak dari bangunan manapun di dunia, ” demikian pernyataan Emaar Properties yang masih merahasiakan detil struktur pembangunan gedung itu.

    Saat ini masih terjadi pro kontra seputar penentuan gedung tertinggi, apakah dihitung hanya sampai lantai teratas atau termasuk tinggi antena gedung. Namun pihak Emaar Properties berharap, pembangunan Burj Dubai bisa memenuhi standar Dewan Bangunan-Bangunan Tinggi dan empat kriteria Urban Habitat agar bisa dinyatakan sebagai gedung tertinggi di dunia. Empat kriteria itu antara lain, ketinggian struktur puncak bangunan, lantai tertinggi yang bisa dicapai, puncak atap bangunan dan titik runcing yang tertinggi dari bangunan tersebut.

    Menurut Direktur Proyek Emaar Properties Greg Sang, seperti dikutip Associated Press, Burj Dubai akan menjadi simbol Dubai sebagai salah satu kota di dunia. Sementara itu, ketuanya Muhammad Ali Alabbar mengatakan, Dubai terinspirasi untuk membangun sebuah ikon global.
    Pembangunan gedung yang dimulai 21 September 2004 lalu, rencananya selesai pada tahun 2008 mendatang. Titik tertinggi gedung ini diperkirakan bisa terlihat dari jarak 100 kilometer.

    CITIC Plaza selesai dibangun pada tahun 1997, yang ketika selesai dibangun mencatatkan diri sebagai bangunan tertinggi di Cina, hingga tahun 1998 saat menara Jin Mao selesai dibangun. Tingginya mencapai 1.283 kaki atau 391 meter.

    Dikenal sebagai salah satu atraksi wisata yang terkenal di AS dan banyak menyedot turis, the Empire State Building berdiri menjulang hingga ketinggian 1.250 kaki atau 381 meter. Dibangun pada tahun 1931 the Empire State Building merupakan struktur paling tinggi di Bumi. Dengan dibangunnya menara kembar World Trade Center (WTC) di New York, yang berdiri menjulang setinggi 1.368 kaki (417 meter) dan 1.362 kaki (415 meter). Menara kembar tersebut merupakan struktur paling tinggi di New York, hingga terjadinya serangan teroris pada 2001. Dengan robohnya WTC, status sebagai bangunan tertinggi di New York kembali dipegang the Empire State Building.

    Hingga tahun 1998, gedung pencakar langit tertinggi di dunia selalu berada di Amerika Serikat. Perubahan terjadi ketika Menara Petronas 2 Malaysia dibangun, menara kembar ini kemudian menancapkan dirinya sebagai gedung paling tinggi di dunia. Predikat itu dipegang selama enam tahun dan pada 2004 predikat gedung tertinggi di dunia beralih menjadi milik Taipei 101 Building yang lebih tinggi 188 kaki atau 61 meter lebih tinggi dari Menara Petronas.

    Petronas Tower 1, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Merupakan bagian dari Menara Kembar Petronas, berdiri dengan tinggi mencapai 1.483 kaki atau 452 meter, selesai dibangun pada 1998. Hingga sekarang Menara Petronas merupakan menara kembar tertinggi di dunia.

    Menara Sears berdiri pada pada tahun 1974 dengan ketinggian mencapai 1.450 kaki atau 442 meter. Ketika dibangun, tingginya melebihi the World Trade Center di Kota New York yang kala itu menjadi simbol kemegahan Amerika sehingga menjadikan Menara Sears sebagai gedung tertinggi yang pernah dibangun Amerika Serikat.

    Nama sebenarnya adalah Gedung Finansial Internasional Taipei, namun kemudian lebih populer dengan nama Taipei 101 Building. Gedung yang terletak di Distrik Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan ini memiliki tinggi 509 meter atau 1.671 kaki. Hingga hari ini tercatat sebagai gedung tertinggi di dunia ke dua lewat tiga dari empat standar yang dibuat oleh Konsil Gedung Tertinggi dan Habitat Urban. Diresmikan penggunaannya secara penuh pada tanggal 31 Desember 2004, di tengah perayaan tahun baru dalam suatu pesta yang semarak.

    Dalam banyak aspek, Taipei 101 Building adalah salah satu pencakar langit yang paling maju yang pernah dibuat sampai sekarang. Gedung ini memiliki keunggulan yaitu penggunaan jaringan komunikasi menggunakan fiber optik dan hubungan internet satelit yang dapat mencapai kecepatan 1 gigabit per detik. Untuk mendukung mobilitas penghuni dan penggunanya, menara ini dilengkapi dengan dua lift paling cepat di dunia untuk ukuran gedung tertinggi. Kecepatan optimumnya mencapai 1.010 meter per menit ketika bergerak naik dan 600 meter per menit saat turun. Itu artinya, lift bergerak dengan kecepatan 60,6 km per jam!

    Luas total Taipei 101 Building mencapai 450.000 meter persegi dengan 214.000 meter untuk perkantoran, 77.500 untuk perdagangan, dan 73.000 untuk tempat parker. Untuk menyetabilkan menara terhadap guncangan gempa, angina topan, dan terpaan angin, sebuah pendulum seberat 800 ton dipasang di lantai 88. Yang jadi pertanyaan, mengapa penempatan pendulum itu pada lantai 88? Adakah korelasi dengan kepercayaan sebagian besar masyarakat Cina yang menganggap angka “88” sebagai simbol keseimbangan?

    Ini merupakan gedung ketiga tertinggi di Cina dan kedelapan tertinggi di dunia. Shun Hing Square yang berdiri menjulang hingga ketinggian 1.260 meter atau 384 meter, selesai dibangun pada 1996, hingga sekarang tercatat sebagai bangunan baja tertinggi di Cina.

    Two International Finance Centre berdiri megah di Kota Hong Kong hingga ketinggian 1.362 kaki atau 415 meter. Bangunan yang selesai dibangun pada 2003 ini tercatat sebagai bangunan tertinggi keenam di dunia.

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10 gedung tertinggi di dunia


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